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            Wood duck

            Aix sponsa

            Considered one of the most stunning of all waterfowl, the wood duck's scientific name, Aix sponsa means "waterbird in bridal dress".

            Wood duck Behavior and facts

            • Wood ducks are one of few waterfowl to commonly perch in trees.
            • Wood ducks have strong claws, which allow them to grip branches.
            • Wood ducks have bright red eyes and a reddish beak.
            • They forage or dabble for food in shallow water – eating seeds, aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates.
            • Wood ducks are the only North American duck that regularly produces two broods a year.

            Life history

            • Unlike most waterfowl, the wood duck builds its nest in tree cavities near water.
            • Females usually lay 6-16 eggs, which they incubate for 25-37 days.
            • Ducklings are well developed and able to leave the nest on the same day that they hatch.
            • Young wood ducks leave the nest by jumping out of their tree cavity to the ground. The drop can sometimes exceed 100 feet.
            • Young are typically able to fly by the time they are 8-10 weeks old.


            IUCN Least concern

            Wood ducks, the Oregon Zoo and you

            The zoo's wood ducks live in the Cascade Stream and Pond aviary.