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            Southern ground hornbill

            Bocorvus leadbeateri


            The Southern ground hornbill is a tall, long-legged terrestrial bird native to South Africa. These massive predatory birds - the largest of hornbill species -? are capable of capturing hares and driving eagles away from their prey.

            Behavior and facts

            • The Southern ground hornbill resides in open woodlands, savanna, and lightly wooded grasslands.
            • Its diet consists mainly of insects, but it will also eat amphibians, small reptiles, mammals and birds.
            • Primarily monogamous, during breeding season males inflate internal air sacs and let out a series of deep booming sounds to attract a mate.
            • In flight, it angles its head and legs down, but can reach speeds of up to 18 miles per hour.
            • They roost in trees and nest primarily in the cavity of a tree or a hole between rocks.

            From birth to death

            • They are monogamous, and a pair of Southern ground hornbills may be assisted by several adult and immature helpers.
            • During breeding season, males inflate their air sacs to make a series of deep, booming notes.
            • The female incubates a clutch of two eggs for up to 43 days.
            • Southern Ground Hornbill chicks fledge at 80-90 days.


            IUCN Vulnerable

            Southern ground hornbills, the Oregon Zoo and you

            The zoo's Southern ground hornbills live in the Africa Savanna exhibit.