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            Bucephala albeola

            Buffleheads are small diving ducks widespread throughout North America.

            Bufflehead behavior and facts

            • The bufflehead's name is a combination of buffalo and head, due to the bulbous shape of the male's head when he puffs up the white feathers on the back of his head.
            • Buffleheads are identified by the large white patch on the back of their iridescent green and purple heads.
            • Buffleheads are highly active, diving almost continuously.Buffleheads feed in small groups, with one duck watching for predators while other ducks dive.
            • Buffleheads eat insects, aquatic plants and small invertebrates.

            From birth to death

            • Buffleheads are small enough to nest in abandoned tree cavities made by woodpeckers.
            • They are monogamous, and females return to the same nesting site year after year.
            • Females lay a clutch of 6-11 eggs, and incubate them for an average of 30 days.
            • Bufflehead ducklings leave the nest the day after they hatch and fledge at 50-55 days.


            IUCN Least concern

            Buffleheads, the Oregon Zoo and you

            The zoo's buffleheads live in the Cascade Stream and Pond aviary.